2020 USDA Dietary Guidelines Report: Five (5) Takeaways Point to Eating More Shrimp
January 6, 2021
Every 5 years, the current USDA Dietary Guidelines Committee creates a detailed dietary guideline providing recommendations to help Americans make food and beverage choices that contribute to an overall healthier diet. In preparation for those guidelines, the Committee also creates a scientific report discussing initial research and observed trends to be addressed. To help condense the information provided in the report, we’ve highlighted the Top 5 takeaways that point Americans toward eating more shrimp.
1. Seafood is Essential to a Recommended Diet
Discussing the importance of establishing healthy dietary patterns in all age groups – both children younger than 24-months-old and individuals aged 2 years and older (standard time period measurements used for these reports) – the Committee stressed that a recommended Food Pattern included a variety of nutrient-rich animal-based foods, including seafood, even going so far as to prioritize seafood over standard meat and poultry. Additionally, moderate evidence suggests that dietary patterns higher in seafood are associated with lower risks of colon and rectal cancer.
2. Seafood Over Red Meat Leads to a Healthier Life
The Committee found strong evidence that, in adults, a regular diet consisting of more lean meats and seafood over red and processed meats is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality (death from any cause). Similarly, they said to reduce saturated fat intake, diets should replace sources of saturated fat, such as processed meats and certain high-fat dairy products, with sources of polyunsaturated fats, such as seafood, seeds, nuts, legumes, and appropriate vegetable oils.
3. Most Americans Don’t Eat Enough Seafood
Recommended consumption of protein foods ranges from 2 to 7 ounces a day, depending on the calorie level. Current dietary guidelines recommend the consumption of at least 8 ounces of seafood or more per week for the general population. However, the research found that most people don’t meet this benchmark.
In the context of all proteins, the mean amount of protein foods consumed by Americans ages 2 years and older is 5.8 ounces a day, with the average intake estimated at 4.1 ounces a day in Americans ages 2 to 19 years and 6.3 ounces a day in American adults. Amongst children 1 to 18 years, intake was less than 0.3 ounce-equivalents per day, while adults ate 0.5 to 0.7 ounce-equivalents per day.
Based on this data, approximately 20% of adults ate seafood at least two times per week. Non-Hispanic Asian adults (41%) reported consuming seafood at least two times per week at a higher frequency when compared to non-Hispanic white (19%), non-Hispanic black (23%), and Hispanic (15%) adults. Similar trends are found with children ages 2 to 19 years.
4. Women & Children Need to Eat More Seafood
One of the most significant advancements in the 2020 report was its expansion beyond the standard focus on individuals aged 2-years and older to also include findings on both the period from birth to age 24 months and pregnancy itself. The Committee found that a healthy diet during these stages of life is essential in promoting lasting health throughout life.
Many of the report’s predominant seafood-related findings are also focused on these time periods. For example, the Committee’s findings suggest that an intake of seafood as part of a standard, healthy dietary pattern – particularly in foods high in omega-3 fatty acids (which Wild American Shrimp are!) – may be related to a reduced risk of gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders. Thus, consumption of seafood such as shrimp during pregnancy has the potential to reduce the risk of hypertensive disorders and preterm birth. The Committee concluded that there was reasonable evidence to suggest that seafood intake during pregnancy may be favorably associated with measures of cognitive, language, and communication development in children.
Despite this, they found that almost half of pregnant women consume too little protein each day, with their consumption of seafood being particularly low.
After birth, this same consumption from pregnancy can lead to better cognitive development and better language and communication development in children. For these factors, the Committee complied with existing recommendations that pregnant women should consume at least 8 to 12 ounces of a variety of seafood every week, particularly choices that are lower in methylmercury and higher in omega-3 fatty acids (which, yes, means wild-caught, American shrimp!).
While the Committee was unable to draw conclusions regarding maternal dietary patterns in relation to lactation due to a lack of evidence, they did suggest that seafood choices are important aspects of a healthy diet for lactation. They stated that women who are lactating should continue to consume seafood at the same amounts previously recommended during pregnancy.
5. Poor Diet is the Problem: American Seafood is the Solution
As was the case for both the 2010 and 2015 Committee reports, the 2020 Committee worked in response to a few particular nutrition-based issues our nation is currently facing:
- More than 70% of Americans are overweight or obese. Rates of severe obesity have increased over the past two decades, and more young children have been particularly affected with being overweight or obese.
- These increased rates are a key factor in numerous diet-related chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes, and some forms of cancer. While various factors contribute to the prevalence of these chronic diseases, prominent factors include unhealthy diets and lack of physical activity.
- Food insecurity and overall lack of access to affordable healthy food are major problems in our nation. According to the report, “In 2018, more than 37 million people, including 6 million children, lived in households that were uncertain of having, or unable to acquire, enough food to meet their needs.”
Americans still have a long way to go until they reach the recommendations of the 2020 USDA Dietary Guidelines Committee.
For the next report, the current Committee issued future directions to the next Committee, requesting that they further examine the relationship between seafood and neurocognitive development and health, alongside determining what stage in the lifespan is seafood intake most critical for continued health in children (either before pregnancy, prenatal, or postpartum).
In 2021, do yourself and your family a healthy favor by making a conscious effort to increase seafood (shrimp in particular) consumption. This will help your family while also supporting American workers who strive every day to bring wild-caught, American shrimp to your table! Visit our Recipes Page for dozens of ideas!
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